Errors of the Spanish Language. Beware of word order!

Being free or having free time? Have you stopped to think that many times the mistake doesn’t have to be grammatical but rather because of an incorrect word order? In this post, we will see different types of errors that can frequently appear in Spanish. We will classify the word order and analyse the mistakes that sometimes appear in order to help us to speak like a true Spaniard. AIL Malaga is going to give you a series of strategies to enhance your learning and give you a way in which you will be able to perfect your Spanish by yourself.     Do you dare to discover the errors of Spanish?   ¿VINO TINTO O VINO ROJO? Below, we present a classification of the most common word placements in Spanish. Verbo + artículo + sustantivo = Desatarse una polémica / Tomar un café / Dar un beso. Sustantivo + preposición + sustantivo = Llamada de teléfono / Punto de encuentro. Adverbio + adjetivo = Terminantemente prohibido / Felizmente casado. Verbo + adverbio = Discutir acaloradamente / Dormir profundamente. At this point, we have to make sure we don’t confuse word order with idiomatic expressions or phrases such as “tomar el pelo”. The language cannot identify the meaning of each word but […]

Being free or having free time? Have you stopped to think that many times the mistake doesn’t have to be grammatical but rather because of an incorrect word order?

In this post, we will see different types of errors that can frequently appear in Spanish. We will classify the word order and analyse the mistakes that sometimes appear in order to help us to speak like a true Spaniard.

AIL Malaga is going to give you a series of strategies to enhance your learning and give you a way in which you will be able to perfect your Spanish by yourself.

 

Gramatica lengua española ail malaga

 

Do you dare to discover the errors of Spanish?

 

¿VINO TINTO O VINO ROJO?

Below, we present a classification of the most common word placements in Spanish.

  • Verbo + artículo + sustantivo = Desatarse una polémica / Tomar un café / Dar un beso.
  • Sustantivo + preposición + sustantivo = Llamada de teléfono / Punto de encuentro.
  • Adverbio + adjetivo = Terminantemente prohibido / Felizmente casado.
  • Verbo + adverbio = Discutir acaloradamente / Dormir profundamente.

At this point, we have to make sure we don’t confuse word order with idiomatic expressions or phrases such as “tomar el pelo”. The language cannot identify the meaning of each word but we can do so with the word order.

 

Next, we propose a brief exercise to practice different word orders

1. Match the adverb with the icon and the meaning:

  • GRAVEMENTE
  • FELIZMENTE
  • DETALLADAMENTE
  • CASADO
  • EXPLICADO
  • HERIDO

SOLUTION: GRAVEMENTE HERIDO / FELIZMENTE CASADO / DETALLADAMENTE EXPLICADO

 

What mistakes can appear in the word order?

Mistakes in word order can be classified according to which part of the order is affected, the “base” (the keyword) or the “colocativo” (the words that add something the keyword). They can also be classified by the type of mistake that has been made, lexical or grammatical.

Focusing on the type of mistake that may appear, the lexical errors can be:

• Substitution errors: In this type of mistake, the “base” or the “colocativo” is misused. For example: Gasto tiempo / Pierdo tiempo

• Creation errors: In this type of mistake, a non existent “base” or “colocativo” is used in Spanish. For example: El camino de la película / El tema de la película.

On the other hand, there are grammatical errors that can be classified as:

• Determiner errors: For example: Tienes el novio / Tienes novio.

• Gender errors: For example: Tienes dientes bonitas / Tienes dientes bonitos.

• Preposition errors: For example: Conseguir a una máster Conseguir un máster

 

Do you dare to identify the following mistakes and classify them?

Below, you must join the mistake in column A to the type of error in column B.

COLUMN A

  • Pedro toca flauta en casa

  • Mi amigo hace un paseo

  • Juan bebe la café por las mañanas

  • Tengo un coche a Fórmula 1

COLUMN B

  • Grammatical error (Gender)

  • Grammatical error (Preposition)

  • Lexical Error (Substitution)

  • Lexical determiner error

PEDRO TOCA FLAUTA EN CASA – ERROR GRAMATICAL (DETERMINANTE) // MI AMIGO HACE UN PASEO – ERROR LÉXICO (SUSTITUCIÓN) // JUAN BEBE LA CAFÉ POR LAS MAÑANAS – ERROR GRAMATICAL (GÉNERO) // TENGO UN COCHE A FÓRMULA 1 – ERROR GRAMATICAL – RÉGIMEN

 

We hope you enjoyed learning about grammatical errors and Spanish vocabulary! Want to learn more? We hope to see you in the AIL Malaga Spanish Language School classroom very soon!

With our large range of Spanish courses, you are guaranteed real progress in your Spanish and the time of your life, all in small groups and in a prime location by the sea!

 

 

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